Developing languages in the specified fields like one of the methods for resolving the problem of cultural diversities in the processes of regionalization and globalization (1)
Posted by daothu09 on August 18, 2009
Dr. DAO Hong Thu
Developing languages in the specified fields like one of the methods for resolving the problem of cultural diversities in the processes of regionalization and globalization
Nowadays, in the international integrating processes, the influence of the nation and the penetration to each other in all fields of activities of the human society in the world have already created a very copious and complicated picture.
The paper aims to research issues on developing languages in the specified fields and universalizing profession specific cultures like one of the methods in resolving the problem of cultural diversities which become highly discerning fact in joining into the processes of regionalization and globalization nowadays and is concentrated on clarifying the main methods for resolving different problems appeared due to cultural diversities in the scientific and technological handing over processes in which the languages and cultures in the specified fields of economical and social developments of the human society seem to have the most important role. This paper also concerns the action of the languages (nation language and minorities’ languages) and cultures in Vietnam.
The 21st century is said to be the century of culture, science and technology which are desecive to each country’s development. The world is thoroughly prepared with its luggage of culture ready for integrating into the new era – the era of science and technology inventions, the era of connection between nations, countries and continents. Among the culture luggage of the human beings, which is paid the most particular attention to is the culture diversities of nations and countries. This has significant meaning to the process of sweeping global developments when we are faced the trend of gradually broaden gap in the knowledge that becomes increasingly difficult to be filled. Particularly in the global revolution of technology and science, it requires us to have international cooperations. Because without this leading factor, it is much more difficult for us to take research on oceans, the universe, the earth’s ecological system …
In my opion, the environment is possibly considered the natural phenomenon of the nature and the settlement of questions concerning on the environment is to maintain human activies in suitable attitudes to laws of the nature. Simultaneously, it is possible to count language the natural phenomenon of a human society and the settlement of questions concerning on the language problems is to maintain human activies in suitable attitudes to laws of the social development, ensuring the efficiency of the regionalisation and globalization processes. In fact, the language exists and develops on the basis of the nation’s culture. The cultural diversities are existing because of various reasons. So, it is necessary to originate from source reasons in order to overcome different challenges concerning cultural diversities in the processes of regionalization and globalization.
This part of the paper will bring into focus the issues on the specific fields of human being’s activities in which languages for specific purposes and profession specific cultures play the leading role. In order to be more convenient to closely monitor the content of this paper, it is to call the languages using in all the specified fields of the economical or social development, e.g. technollogical transfer, developing investment and etc. the languages for specific purposes (LSP). It is also to call the cultures at any profession or business fields the profession specificcultures (PSC).
II. Some points of cultural diversities and languages’ affects on the development processes
In the recent international integration processes, the cultural diversities of different countries in the world are simultaneously facilitating and obstructive factors to international exchange and scientific and technological development including technology transfer and developing investment. It is experienced that in the global integration processes, science, technology and investment have the trend of converge and synthesis of knowledge on technology from nations, countries. On the contrary, cultural diversities increasingly expose its distinctive features in those processes. Even in each country, the distinctive feature of its diversities are often manifested strongly in the process of globalization and regionalization. For instance, in Vietnam for ethnic groups with a small population, such as the Odu, Brau or Rmam groups, each accounting for 0.004 percent of the total population, maintaining the language and preserving traditions create more challenges in the development processes.
The cultures are changing rapidly with changes in the natural and social environment, and in the processes of industrialization and modernization specially of developing countries. In our opinion, the cultural diversities in this case can be resolved on the basis of linguistic and cultural issues.
As it is known well, a language is not only simply the means of communication, but also the means of developing the essential forms of a nation’s cultural and spiritual life. Only the mother tongue can help to understand the most subtle nuances of spiritual life, so that everyone in a linguistic community can understand each other thoroughly. The question here is that the foreign languages from countries joining in the processes of scientific and technological transfer must be updated and universalized together with the development of nations’ languages.
It is not difficult to realise that the language in all the fields of human beings’ life plays an important role in every country’s development. In developed countries, such as in Japan, USA, the modern linguistic issues have been often completed first in the comparison with other issues supporting to the nation’s development. Meanwhile, in somewhere of the developing countries, the procedure is in the contrary direction. That means the matter of languages is ussually got attention following other matters. We believe that this is one of the reasons making cultural diversities obstructive to the processes of advanced technology transfer and developing investment due to the different languages of partners participating in those processes and the gap between them in having a thorough grasp of languages for specific purposes and profession specific cultures.
III. Some points of profession specific cultures in the international integrating processes
It is the fact that the industry development of one country will not fulfill sucessfully its goals if the society is not ready for renovation. And innovation will in turn not help the industrialization and modernization whenever that society is not ready in its psychology and material atmosphere. In order to maintain cultures’ values during the processes of globalization and regionalization and in order to prevent nuances of cultural diversities from developing in the direction of causing contradiction at work, LSP and PSC are necessary requirements.
The researches show if we pay attention only to the cultural diversities in general but ignore PSC in the specified fields of science and technology, for instance, the processes of advanced technology transfer and further the international integration may face many difficulties. We can see this issue very clearly in the symbol example of development investment. In this example, the investment (particullarly in constructional investment) is ussually carried out in a slow pace due to unproper attention paid to PSC in the specified fields of science and technology. In some places, there was even contradiction that led to conflict as shown as the following example: “Malaysian police arrested 29 Vietnamese and 4 Indonesian workers due to their fighting early this November. This was reported to be the second clash between the two countries’ workers by the reason of misunderstanding and difference of languages. The fighting happening at a company in Rembau (Malaysia) made injured some workers of both two countries. The initial reasons as defined were still of misunderstanding and difference in their languages. After informed, Malaysia’s Ministry of Human Resources asked the workers’ users in Malaysia to conduct orientation programmes for foreign workers so that these workers could be familiar with Malaysian law, language, culture and customs. According to the Ministry, these such programmes could prevent regrettable events from happening due to misapprehension among foreign workers themselves. Two months ago, at Garment and Textile Company Hualon Coporation of Malaysia, 11 workers of Vietnam and Indonesia were brought to court for trial because of fighting. Immediately after that, Malaysia asked the workers’ users and the foreign enterprises, who were in charge of taking workers abroad for working, to carefully examine workers’s capacity of foreign language. Malaysia said this had been the fourth fightings which related to foreign workers this year.” (from newspaper Capital Labour, issue number 45 (497) on Tuesday November 11, 2003.)
Profession specific culture in each field of science and technology or investment relates closely to the language of that one. In the scope of this paper, we only focus on languages of those fields. According to our recent studies, it is the uncompleted definition of LSP’s role in the different specified fields of the economical and social development processes nowadays that creates difficulties in the global integration processes, particularly in the transfer of advanced technology and developing investment. That not only results cultural diversities in being more complicated, but that is in many cases causing unpredictable consequences, and even conflicts.
The capacity of using languages, essentially LSP and PSC in the different fields of science and technology or investment becomes major condition in the processes of globalization and regionalization. In those processes, the language takes the crucial role. Because the advanced technology transfer in the industrialization and modernization requires local experts, who are proficient in the language of the technology transfering country, in understanding cultural manners of partners from countries transfering technology or developing investment, also in having one’s grasp of PSC in the transfering or investing fields. In the contrary situatiuon, the transfer or investment will happen at a very slow pace. So, the cultural diversities create opportunities to present and cause difficulties for the people, organizations or even countries taking participation in those processes. No one can guess what might happen when appear problems relating the cultural diversities.
Furthermore, the question is that the local experts should hand over to farmers knowledge of LSP and PSC. Conversely, the farmers are in difficulties to be able to satisfy demands of the advanced technology and from the native or foreign investors. The following example can be a clear proof about this: ” Most of Vietnamese farmers have the custom and the habit of doing business at low stakes and separately. Their producing land is originally ragged, but they just only want to sell rice after harvest immediately in the field to private dealers, provided it does not cost much labour drying, cleaning and bringing their rice for far… Furthermore, they have another very dangerous habit, that is: Taking the rice harvested in previous crop for breeds in next crop, which results in the gradually low quality of the rice. Even when they begin doing business with businessmen, although they had signed contract from the beginning of the crop, they were still willing to break the contract if the price in the market in the moment after the harvest was higher than in the contract. The farmers can not be dealing with business in the market-oriented economic mechanism by themselves. It is necessary to establish more cooperatives to help enrich the farmers from their fields as well as to help ensure the quality of Vietnamese rice.” (from newspaper Labour on Tuesday, November 11, 2003)